Thursday, 4 June 2015

Bandwidth Chungchang

(Hre ber anga thil soi hi ka la sim thei lo a nih hi....a duh chuan min han nuih leh tet tet hlawm mai teh se, tangkaipui tawk chu in awm ve em tho ang chu..He thuziak hi hlui tawh tak a ni..a awm tawh lo emaw ka tih hnuin ka va hai chhuak nawlh mai a...).

Bandwidth hi Enge?
Hosting company zawng zawng deuh thaw hian an plan-ah bandwidth options chi hrang hrang an pechhuak thin a. Tichuan Web Hosting nena inhnaivai tak bandwidth an tih fo hi enge ni ta ang le? Mawlmang taka an dah dawn chuan, bandwidth chu internet pumpui leh i website inkara traffic awm thei zat tuk chin a ni. Hosting Company te’n bandwidth an pekchhuah theih zat hi pawnlam (public) leh chhung lam(an data center)-a an network connection-ah thui tak a innghat ve a ni.

Network Connectivity

Internet hi sawi dan mawlmang ber chuan computer tluklehdingawn tel networks hmanga thlunzawm tiin kan sawi thei awm e. Heng connection (inthlunzawmna) te hi an thlunzawmna hmanrua leh cable(hrui) azirin a chakna hmun leh chaklohna hmun te a awm thei a. An network connection len dan azirin Bandwidth pawh a sangin a hniam ve zel bawk a ni. Entirnan, Internet connect nan DSL i hman chuan bandwidth 1.54 Mega bits (MB) i nei thei ang. Tichuan Bandwidth chu bits (0 or 1) hmanga teh a ni tihna a nih chu. Bits hi bytes-a remkhawm-in hawrawp(text), thumal(word) leh information dang i computer leh internet-a inkara kal(transfer) zawng zawng a huam a ni.

DSL connection i neih chuan i internet Provider (BSNL ang) leh nangma computer chu internet hmangin chhum lo chat lovin in thlunzawm tihna a ni ber. Mahse Internet Provider chuan an hmun (location)-ah chuan DSL connection a sang a sang pawh an nei thei a. Tichuan an ni chuan chung an connection neih zawng zawng chu nang leh kei an customer te hman turin an sem zai ta thin a ni. Bandwidth chu nang leh kei mamawh phuhru zo tura chak an nei ngei ang. Nang leh keiin 1.54 bandwidth lek kan neih laiin kan internet provider chuan 255MB connection daih pawh an lo nei thei a. Nang leh kei bakah an customer dang 165 lai mamawh chu an phuhruk ngei dawn tihna a ni ang(255/1.54).

Traffic
Traffic kan tih chuan Zarkawt phei leh Bungkawn, Zodin, treasury te mitthlaah a lo lang ruak thei ang. Traffic awmzia la hre ngai lo kan nih pawhin hetiang zawng hian in ngaihtuah dawn teh ang. Bandwidth leh traffic hi highway leh car angah ngai ta la. Bandwidth is chu highway-a lane awmzat lo ni ta se, traffic chu highway-a car awmzat sawina a ni ve thung ang. Highway kawngpuiah chuan nangmah chauhvin tlan ta la, i kalna hmun tur chu rang leh chak zawkin i thleng thei ang. Mahse lirthei dang tam laia i kal chuan kawng lakah i tangkhang/tang zeuh zeuh ang. Chuvangin i thlenna hmun tur pawh rang takin leh awlsam tak chuan i thleng dawn hauh lo a ni. A chhan chu traffic jam vang leh lane zawng zawnga lirthei an khah mup tawh chuan tlan zung zung a theih dawn loh a ni.

Traffic chu network connection-a bits thawn chhuahzat sawina a ni tih kan hrethiam uar tawh awm e. Entirna nena sawi hian a fiah leh zual thei ang. Gigabyte khat chuan  1,024 megabytes a tluk a. Tin, hawrawp pakhat store nan hian byte khat zel a ngai tih lo hre phawt ila. Building pakhat-a File cabinet 100 vel awm angah ngai ta la. Cabinet theuh hian folder 1000 an nei a, Folder te theuh chuan paper 100 theuh an nei leh bawk a, paper tina hawrawp(character) awmzat chu 100 zel ni bawk se la, GB chu building chhunga hawrawp awm zawng zawng kha a ni. MP3 hla te hi 4MB vel an ni tlangpui a, a hla ngai chiah khan wav format-a dahin 40MB a ni leh daih thung. Movie pangai len zawng chu 800MB atang 1024MB te an ni bawk thin.

Website atangin i computer-ah MP3 hla transfer(download) turah lo in ngai ta la. I computer leh MP3 i download-na site tan chuan 4MB traffic i siam dawn tihna a ni ang. Website leh internet inkara internet connection a zirin rei lo chhung pawhin i transfer zo thei ang. Mahse i download lai hian midangin an lo download ve bawk chuan i transfer chak thei lovang. MP3 I download-na website chuan 10 MB internet connection a neih a, 4MB-a lian MP3 file chu nangmah chauhvin i download chuan 4MB chauh chu traffice a ni tihna a ni ang. Mahse mi pathumin a rualin chu MP3 file chu an download chuan 12MB (3×4MB) traffic a awm dawn tihna a ni thung ang. A chhan chu kan example-a host hian 10 MB chauh bandwidth a neih vang a ni.  Chuvangin download speed a muang lo thei tawh lo va, nghah pawl kan awm a ngai tawh dawn a ni. Hosting Company-a network hmanrua te chuan file download theuh tute chuan a ruala an download theih nan a speed kha semrual a lo ngai tawh dawn a ni. Vawi khatah a rualin mi 100 velin download phei se chuan a muang leh zual hle an tih a rinthiam theih tawh ang. Chuvangin mi tam takin a ruala chak taka an download theih nan chuan bandwidth chak leh MB tam zawk Website chuan a mamawh tihna a ni.

Hosting Bandwidth
A chunga entirnaah hian Traffice awmzia chu MP3 file download dan hmangin kan sawifiah a. Mahse Traffic hrim hrim hi mi website kan va tlawh ringawt pawhin kan siam thei bawk a. Mi Website i va tlawh khan i computer-ah an website kha i download tihna a ni a, chu chu i browser (Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox, Netscape, Maxthon, Opera,etc.) hmangin i lo thlir a ni.  Web page kha MP3 file ang thovin file chikhat a ni ve a. music file te ai chuan a te fe zawk tih mai chauh a ni.

Webpage hi a chhunga text, thlalak tam dan leh quality a zirin size lian leh te a awm nuk thei. Entirnan CNN.COM home page chu 200KB (200 Kilobytes = 200,000 bytes = 1,600,000 bits). Hei hi Web Page mala tan chuan lian pangai ve tak a ni. Hetih lai hian Yahoo’s home page chu 70KB vel lek a ni thung.